1 Cor. 11:5,13
1 Cor. 15:31
- John 19:32-34
- "Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water."
- The Roman soldiers didn't break Jesus' legs. Moslems claim that this is a sign of the inefficiency of the soldiers. As they were so inefficient, they argue, they couldn't be trusted to be reliable in certifying death. Moslems further argue that as dead men don't bleed, Jesus cannot have been dead. This argument is often embellished by descriptions of blood gushing out of the wound.
- The purpose of breaking a victim's legs was to prevent him from raising himself up on them. A victim who could not support his weight on his legs would suffer a pulmonary oedema and die within 20 minutes. As Jesus was, at the very least, unconscious, he would be unable to support himself on his legs and would rapidly die if not dead already. The Romans, with plenty of experience behind them, would know this; breaking the legs would be superfluous.
- While a superficial wound on a dead body will not bleed, certain organs do bleed for a while after death, albeit at a lesser rate than during life. These organs include the spleen, the liver and the heart.
- The spear thrust must, at the very least, have pierced Jesus' lungs. If he were not already dead this would have killed him. Leaving him badly wounded and untended in a tomb would also kill him.
- The record does not say that blood gushed out. It says that some blood and some water came out, but this could have been a tiny trickle as far as the text is concerned.